Last edited by Vukora
Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of Chitin and Chitinases (Experientia Supplementum) found in the catalog.

Chitin and Chitinases (Experientia Supplementum)

  • 150 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by Birkhäuser Basel .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Biochemistry,
  • Cellular biology,
  • Molecular biology,
  • Polymer chemistry,
  • Carbohydrates,
  • Science,
  • Sociology,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Anthropology - Physical,
  • Life Sciences - Biology - General,
  • Science / Biology,
  • Life Sciences - Biochemistry

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsP. Jolles (Editor), R.A.A. Muzzarelli (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages340
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12866717M
    ISBN 103764358157
    ISBN 109783764358150


Share this book
You might also like
Inspecting the governors

Inspecting the governors

American ancestry of Pryor Williams, an 1817 pioneer of Lawrence County, Indiana

American ancestry of Pryor Williams, an 1817 pioneer of Lawrence County, Indiana

An atlas and guide to the dissection of the pony

An atlas and guide to the dissection of the pony

South-Siberian oral literature: Turkic texts

South-Siberian oral literature: Turkic texts

1066 and all that

1066 and all that

The beloved returns

The beloved returns

Tape/slide guides for library instruction

Tape/slide guides for library instruction

Paston letters, 1422-1509 A.D.

Paston letters, 1422-1509 A.D.

A mighty flood

A mighty flood

At A Glance:Sentence 3rd Edition Plus Ahd Esl Dictionary Paperback

At A Glance:Sentence 3rd Edition Plus Ahd Esl Dictionary Paperback

Naughty Nights

Naughty Nights

Handbook of the Benjamin Altman collection

Handbook of the Benjamin Altman collection

Chitin and Chitinases (Experientia Supplementum) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Chitin is the most abundant nitrogen-bearing organic compound found in nature: it is a common constituent of insect exoskeletons, shells of crustaceans and fungal cell walls.

After a short presentation of this polysaccharide in the environment, the first part of this work is devoted to chitin biosynthesis in vitro and in : Hardcover. Chitin and Chitinases - Google Books. Chitin is the most abundant nitrogen-bearing organic compound found in nature: it is a common constituent of insect exoskeletons, shells of crustaceans and fungal cell walls.

After a short presentation of this polysaccharide in the environment, the first part of this work is devoted to chitin biosynthesis in vitro and in vivo. The discussion then moves to the enzymatic synthesis of chitin and chitosan and inhibition of chitin biosynthesis, along with the physicochemical characteristics of chitin and chitosan.

The chapters that follow focus on chitin chemistry, chitinases and related enzymes, applications of chitin in chromatography, and industrial production and. The second part discusses biochemical, structural and evolutionary aspects concerning chitinases.

The third part of the book is devoted to chitosan, an important chitin derivative, which occurs in the composition of threads, fibres, films and gels. Characteristics of chitin-binding proteins from streptomycetes / Hildgund Schrempf ; Chitinases ; Biochemistry of chitinases / Daizo Koga, Masaru Mitsutomi and Michiko Kono / [et al.] The structure and action of chitinases / Jon D.

Robertus and Arthur F. Monzingo ; Classification of chitinase modules / Bernard Henrissat. The production of chitinase by Bacillus species was optimized under different media, substrates, substrate concentrations, pH, temperature and incubation period.

The maximum chitinase production was observed in Luria Bertaini Broth amended with % Chitin and Chitinases book chitin at pH and temperature 37˚C after four days of : S Kavi Karunya, P Saranraj, D Sujitha. Chitin is the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature, after cellulose, and it largely exists in wastes from the processing of marine food products (crab, shrimp and krill shells).Many bacteria and fungi produce extracellular chitinolytic enzymes, known as : Kumaran Subramanian, Deivasigamani Balaraman, Uttara Vairagkar.

Chitinases digest chitin, Chitin and Chitinases book major component of insect cell walls, and their Chitin and Chitinases book are found in species from all kingdoms (Arakane and Muthukrishnan, ). Transgenic tobacco expressing an M. sexta chitinase prevented growth of H.

virescens, but did not affect M. sexta, probably due to their thicker peritrophic matrix (Ding et al., ). Chitin-degrading enzymes, known as chitinases, are produced by humans and other mammals and are part of the glycosyl-hydrolase family that encompasses both enzymatically active chitinases and chitinase-like proteins, the latter also termed chi-lectins, which lack enzymatic by:   Although mammals cannot synthesize or metabolize chitin, a number of chitinolytic enzymes [true chitinases, e.g., chitotriosidases, acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase)] or chitin-binding proteins [chitinase-like proteins (CLPs), e.g., Ym-1, Ym-2, breast regression protein 39 (BRP, chondrocyte protein)] were discovered in mammals.

5, 11 Cited by: Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. These promising biomaterials have the potential to be broadly applied and there is a growing market for these biopolymers in areas such as medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, agricultural.

CHI2 chitinase is an N-acetyl glucosaminidase and its biochemical properties make it suitable for bioconversion of chitin waste [20]. Chitinases can be exploited for their use in control of fungal and insect pathogens of plants [21,22].

Chitinase activity also acts as an indicator showing the activity of. Purchase Chitin - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Chitin is the most abundant nitrogen-bearing organic compound found in nature: it is a common constituent of insect exoskeletons, shells of crustaceans and fungal cell walls.

This book focuses on. chitin biosynthesis in vitro and in vivo. Chitinases (chitodextrinase, 1,4-beta-poly-N-acetylglucosaminidase, poly-beta-glucosaminidase, beta-1,4-poly-N-acetyl glucosamidinase, poly[1,4-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide)] glycanohydrolase, (1->4)acetamidodeoxy-beta-D-glucan glycanohydrolase) are hydrolytic enzymes that break down glycosidic bonds in chitin.

As chitin is a component of the cell walls of fungi and exoskeletal BRENDA: BRENDA entry. Chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1), also known as YKL, is a secreted glycoprotein member of the glycoside hydrolase 18 chitinase family that targets chitin but lacks enzymatic activity (Renkema et al., ).

Although its physiologic function remains unknown, recent studies support a. Get this from a library. Chitin and Chitinases. [Pierre Jollès; Riccardo A A Muzzarelli;] -- Chitin is the most abundant nitrogen-bearing organic compound found in nature: it is a common constituent of insect exoskeletons, shells of crustaceans and fungal cell walls.

After a short. Chitinases are enzymes that degrade chitin. Chitinases contribute to the generation of carbon and nitrogen in the ecosystem. Chitin and chitinolytic enzymes are gaining importance for their.

Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order. For example, "World war II" (with quotes) will give more precise results than World war II (without quotes).

Wildcard Searching If you want to search for multiple variations of a word, you can substitute a special symbol (called a "wildcard") for one or more letters.

The second part discusses biochemical, structural and evolutionary aspects concerning chitinases. The third part of the book is devoted to chitosan, an important chitin derivative, which occurs in the composition of threads, fibres, films and gels.

Bacterial Chitinases. In bacterial chitinases, the chitin-binding domain can either be located in the amino terminal or in the carboxyl terminal domains of the enzyme.[] Most of the bacterial chitinases, which have been isolated and sequenced so far, are included in family 18 of the glycosyl hydrolases; with the exception of a chitinase (C-1) isolated from S.

griseus IIUT that belongs to. Chitinases are ubiquitous enzymes that have gained a recent biotechnological attention due to their ability to transform biological waste from chitin into valued chito-oligomers with wide agricultural, industrial or medical applications.

The biological activity of these molecules is related to their size and acetylation degree. Chitinase Chit42 from Trichoderma harzianum hydrolyses chitin Cited by: 9. from book Microorganisms in Microbial Chitinases for Chitin Waste Management but it is the bacterial chitinases which play a fundamental role in degradation of the chitin.

Chitinases and. Chitinase-like proteins, the chitin-lectins Chitinases as biomarkers for human disease Gaucher’s disease Chitin oligomers at the initiation site of hyaluronan synthesis The hyaluronan versus chitin products of DG42 dichotomy resolved Chitin, chitinases, and chitinase-like proteins in immune recognition and in.

In book: Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition (pp) Chitinases are enzymes that degrade chitin. Chitinases contribute to the generation of carbon and nitrogen in the ecosystem. Chitin and chitosan are natural resources waiting for a market. They were waste products of the crabing and shrimp canning industry.

The US Department of Commerce reported in that they were over 1,50, Mt of chitin produced as processing waste from shellfish, krill, clams, oysters, squid, and fungi. In this study, genetic engineering and protein engineering techniques were used to modify bacterial chitinase for the production of N-acetylglucosamine and/or N-acetylchitooligosaccharide.

Beta-chitin and colloidal chitin were used as substrate for sugar production by the chitinase derivatives. Bacillus licheniformis and Serrtia sp. chitinases were selected for studying of the oligosaccharide.

Keywords: Chitin, Chitinase, Fungal sources, Gene cloning, Purification and Characterization Introduction Chitin, a poly-β-1,4-N-acetylglucosamine (NAG), is the most abundant polysaccharide found in nature after cellulose, and is biocompatible, biodegradable and bioabsorbable1.

Henri Braconnot, a Cited by:   Lee CG () Chitin, chitinases and chitinase-like proteins in allergic inflammation and tissue remodeling. Yonsei Med J 50(1)–30 CrossRef Google Scholar Li X, Min M, Du N, Ying Gu Y et al () Chitin, chitosan, and glycated chitosan regulate.

Chitin is the most abundant nitrogen-bearing organic compound found in nature: it is a common constituent of insect exoskeletons, shells of crustaceans and fungal cell walls. After a short presentation of this polysaccharide in the environment, the first part of this work is devoted to chitin. CHITIN AND CHITINASES Ã Ã P.

Jolles and R.A.A. Muzzarelli (Eds), Birkhauseer Verlag, Basel, Boston and Berlin, pp, SFr / DMISBN 3±±±7 () Chitin is an insoluble polysaccharide of N-acetylglucosamine, which is widespread in plants, animals and fungi.

This book covers its synthesis, breakdown and applications, and also discusses the related deacetylated chitin. The book will represents a milestone for future researchers by taking into account the known archaic function of chitinases and the new description of chitin and chitinases roles in innate immunity.

This recently discovered role has likely been vital in the process of genetic selection. The 18 glycosyl hydrolase family of chitinases is an ancient gene family that is widely expressed from prokaryotes to eukaryotes.

In mammals, despite the absence of endogenous chitin, a number of chitinases and chitinase-like proteins (C/CLPs) have been identified. However, their roles have only recently begun to be by: Significant activities of chitinase was produced by T. harzianum in culture media amended with fresh mycelium of M.

phaseolina, where the releasing of reducing sugar Nacetylglucosamin was μg. Moreover, lysozyme is used in combination with chitinases and cellulases to degrade chitin into chitosan, i.e., a polysaccharide formed by the repeated unit β-1,4-D-glucosaminyl-N-acetyl-D.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xxi, pages: illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm: Contents: New aspects of chitin chemistry and enzymology / Riccardo Muzzarelli --Role of chitinase in nature / Neetu Dahiya --Chitin and chitinase in the human evolution / Andrea Giansanti, Fabio Mecozzi, and Salvatore Musumeci --Chitinase in fungal and bacterial sepsis.

The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this.

Insect chitinases belong to family 18 glycosylhydrolases that hydrolyze chitin by an endo-type of cleavage while retaining the anomeric β-(1→4) configuration of products.

There are multiple genes encoding chitinases and chitinase-like proteins in all insect species studied using bioinformatics searches. These chitinases differ in size, domain organization, physical, chemical and enzymatic Cited by: All chitin-containing organisms such as fungi and yeast produce chitinases (EC ) and chitin synthase (EC ) to mediate cell wall synthesis and growth [12,14].

Chitinases are classified into two families of glycosyl hydrolases, family 18 and fam based on the amino acid sequence of the catalytic by: Chitin nanofibers (CNFs) are mainly extracted from crab and prawn shells [1, 2] and recetly found in small amount in edible species of mushrooms [].CNFs are composed of chitin compound.

Chitin in powder form is obtained from fish industry wastes which is otherwise thrown as industrial by: 2. find chitinase inhibitors, to develop new crop protection strategies. A patent for a method for screening new chitin-ase inhibitors (Silverman and Roosevelt ) shows inter-est to control the metabolism of chitinases.

Because chitin, the natural substrate of chitinases, is a polysaccharide, some.Offers a collection of articles on binomial chitin/chitinase. This book takes into account the known archaic function of chitinases and the description of chitin and chitinases roles in innate Read more.Crab Shell for the Control of Nematodes.

They produce an enzyme called chitinase that breaks down chitin into a compound they can digest easily. She is the co-author of two gardening books.